Who does what in the insect and bug world and why they are so important

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'I'm Betty Bee', insects have a problem, you think people living in places like Beijing have air quality and pollution problems, it's nothing to what we deal with.  Chemical spray is being used everywhere.  We've got to do something about this.'

1

Worms​

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Earthworms are great at looking after our soil.  Earthworm casts return nutrients to the soil in a form readily available to plants. Worms feed on plant debris such as leaves and dead roots, as well as the soil itself. The organic and mineral constituents of their food become concentrated during the digestive process, thus making their casts a rich source of nutrients, in particular, nitrogen which increases  the nutrients in our soil, which creates better drainage, and a more stable soil structure, all of which help improve farm productivity.


New Zealand research shows that worm casts release four times more phosphorus than does surface soil. Worms often leave their nutrient-rich casts in their tunnels, providing a favourable environment for plant root growth. The tunnels also allow roots to penetrate deeper into the soil, where they can reach extra moisture and nutrients. 

2

Ladybirds

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There are about 5,000 different species of ladybirds or Ladybugs in the world. In many cultures they’re considered good luck. They come in many different colours and patterns, but the most familiar is the seven-spot ladybird, which has a shiny, red-and-black body. Most people like ladybirds because they are pretty, graceful and harmless to humans. But farmers love them because they eat aphids and other plant-eating pests. And boy do they eat – in it’s year-long life, a single seven-spot ladybird can gobble more than 5000 aphids!

3

Spiders

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Some people think of spiders as insects, but they're not insects, they are Arachnids and they don't want to raid our cupboards. House spiders just want to quietly kill the insects that do covet our food. If anything, they're on our side.

There's a lot to know about these misunderstood housemates, Although some house spider species can survive outdoors, most don't do well there, and some will perish rather quickly when removed from the protective indoor habitat. You're not doing them a favor."spiders feed on common indoor pests, such as roaches, earwigs, mosquitoes, flies and clothes moths, If left alone, spiders will consume most of the insects in your home, providing effective home pest control.  Generally the outside spiders are the ones to be wary of, as their are poisonous spiders.

4

Ants

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Ants act as decomposers by feeding on organic waste, insects or other dead animals. They help keep the environment clean. Carpenter ants, which make their nests in dead or diseased wood, considerably accelerate the decomposition process of timber.  To deter ants from coming into your home, try planting Catnip or placing dried Catnip over their trails.  Catnip belongs to the mint family.

5

Beetles

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Dung beetles provide multiple ecosystem services.

Those services include decreasing the amount of pasture smothered by faeces (pasture fouling), increased pasture growth, nutrient cycling, improved soil structure and control of pests and diseases.

From an agricultural perspective there is a range of environmental and economic benefits from using dung beetles more widely. These include improved soil health and reduced runoff, increased aeration and water penetration into the soil, through beetle tunnels, reduced urine and liquid dung runoff, and reduced microbial contamination, leachate pollution and eutrophication of waterways.